Chapter 3 Hornbaker

Chapter 3 Hornbaker:

1. Zadok was a High Priest of the Temple.  He was the head of the temple.  With the help of Judas the Galilean and the first-century historian Flavius Josephus they founded the Fourth Philosophy.  He believed that there was only one God.  The first three sects are called Pharisees, Sadducees, Essences, and then came the Fourth Philosophy.  Another name for Zadok is Sadok.

“Zadok”  The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. Ed. John Bowker. Oxford University Press, 2000. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press.  Sweet Briar College.  6 September 2011  http://www.oxfordreference.com/views/ENTRY.html?subview=Main&entry=t101.e8159

2. The Fourth Philosophy was founded by Zadok, a High Priest, and Judas the Galilean.  Members of this philosophy pledge to honor no Lord but the Lord.  They believed that God’s kingdom encompassed the whole world.  A person who follows this philosophy is called a Nazarene.  This name comes from the word Nazareth which is where Jesus is from.  It literally means that a Nazarene is a follower of Jesus of Nazareth.  These people are a zealous group of Christians who believe that there is only one God.  The Hebrew Bible states that they had to remove all gentiles, foreigners, and apostate Jews from the Promise Land to make it a pure and holy land.  When the war broke out you had to make a decision: “To be with God or to be with Rome.”  You couldn’t be in the middle.

Third edition, June 2003; online version June 2011. http://www.oed.com/view/Entry/125506 ;     accessed 05 September 2011. An entry for this word was first included in New English Dictionary, 1906.

3. Judas the Galilean was a rabbi who helped Zadok and Flavius Josephus, the historian, come up with the Fourth Philosophy.  The Fourth Philosophy led to the formation of revolutionary sects which accepted that God was the only ruler.  He also led a revolt against the Romans to bring about the Israelites liberation from Rome.  He is also mentioned in the New Testament of the Bible.

“Zealots”  A Dictionary of the Bible. by W. R. F. Browning. Oxford University Press Inc. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press.  Sweet Briar College.  6 September 2011  http://www.oxfordreference.com/views/ENTRY.html?subview=Main&entry=t94.e2080

4. The New Testament in the Bible is the second half of the Bible which is made up of twenty-seven books that were originally written in Greek. They inform us of the life and teachings of Jesus Christ when he was here on Earth.  This part of the Bible explains the spread of Christianity.  Most of the authors of this part of the Bible were the apostles Matthew, John, Paul, James, Peter, and Jude.

Anthony J. Saldarini  “Sectarianism”  Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls. Ed. Lawrence H. Schiffman and James VanderKam . Oxford University Press, 2008.  Sweet Briar College.  6 September 2011  http://www.oxfordreference.com/views/ENTRY.html?subview=Main&entry=t264.e482

5. The Temple was a building to honor a God.  Prayers and other religious ceremonies were held here.  A lot of these temples had a treasury which controlled taxation, lent money, and the collection of debts for the town or city.  The Zealots raided the Temple which leveled the playing field in Jerusalem.

William Sanford LaSor “Temple”  The Oxford Guide to People and Places of the Bible. Ed. Bruce M. Metzger and Michael D. Coogan. Oxford University Press, 2001. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press.  Sweet Briar College.  6 September 2011  http://www.oxfordreference.com/views/ENTRY.html?subview=Main&entry=t97.e319

6. A High Priest is someone who heads administrative tasks in the Temple.  He was the head of all the Priests in the Temple.  Zadok was a high priest.  This person was the head of the church.  When the Temple was destroyed so was the position of the High Priest.

“High Priest”  A Concise Companion to the Jewish Religion. Louis Jacobs. Oxford University Press, 1999. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press.  Sweet Briar College.  6 September 2011  http://www.oxfordreference.com/views/ENTRY.html?subview=Main&entry=t96.e300

7. “The sole rule of God” is a phrase used by the Zealots which refers to the Fourth Philosophy.  The Zealots wanted to follow this because it meant that they finally would call for the freedom from Roman rule.  They wanted a pure, holy land and they would do anything to get it.  They would even resort to violence.  Judas the Galilean was a leader of that revolt who went to violence to get his point across.

Third edition, June 2003; online version June 2011. http://www.oed.com/view/Entry/125506 ;     accessed 05 September 2011. An entry for this word was first included in New English Dictionary, 1906.

8. The Rabbinate referred to Rome as the “Evil Kingdom”.  When Rome took over Jerusalem they executed everyone that had anything to do with the Jew’s rebellion.  This included men, woman and children.  All of the Jews were also permanently exiled from the city.  They Jews believed that the Saints would one day come down from the Heavens and destroyed all “Evil Kingdoms” including Rome.

William B. Nelson, Jr. “Eschatology.”   The Oxford Companion to the Bible. Bruce M. Metzger and Michael D. Coogan, eds. Oxford University Press Inc. 1993. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press.   Sweet Briar College.  6 September 2011  http://www.oxfordreference.com/views/ENTRY.html?subview=Main&entry=t120.e0229

9. Yahweh was the named that the Israelites gave to their God.  This was stated in the Old Testament of the Bible when Moses was told to take no other god but Yahweh.  This is also known as the first commandment.  The only god is Yahweh; there are no others and there never will be.  This is a thought that the zealots who follow the Fourth Philiosophy believe.

“Yahweh” World Encyclopedia. Philip’s, 2008. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press. Sweet Briar College. 7 September 2011 http://www.oxfordreference.com/views.ENTRY.html?subview=Main&entry=t142.e12723

10. Jerusalem is known as God’s city or the holy city.  This is where Jesus was crucified and buried.  It is also known as the birthplace of Christianity.  It is now the capital of Israel.  This is a very important city to a number of religions because many religions observe a special event that happened here.  For example, in Christianity Jesus was crucified and buried in this city and in Islam it was the first focal point for Muslim prayer.

AHo “Jerusalem” The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages. Ed Robert E. Bjork. Oxford University Press, 2010. Oxford University Press. Sweet Briar College. 7 September 2011 http://www.oxfordreference.com/views/ENTRY.html?subview=Main&entry=t303.e3138

 

This entry was posted in Aslan Annotation, Uncategorized and tagged . Bookmark the permalink.